Swimming Pool Tips: Easy Chemistry and Maintenance Advice 

Pool tips and weekly swimming pool water maintenance. 

Easy Swimming Pool Tips

Swimming pool questions answered and problems solved about your above ground, inground, and saltwater pools.  This information is from my years of servicing and maintaining pools since 1999.

Swimming pool care is easy when you have the right information and swimming pool water maintenance schedule.  Pool water chemistry is only one aspect of total pool care. My largest piece of advice I can give is to fully know and understand your pool and your unique situation.  Through my years of taking care of pools I've realized that each pool and situation is different. 

This pool water maintenance page will help answer your questions and reduce your pool maintenance cost. 

Pool Maintenance Tips Made Easy

Easy Swimming Pool Tips

To maximize your swimming pool care and maintenance, you'll need to perform the following a minimum of 1-2 times per week, regardless if your have an above ground or inground swimming pool.  Your spa and Hot Tub are no exception to the swimming pool chemistry rules.

To get the most out of these pool tips and pool water care, stay on top of your swimming pool water chemistry with regards to the:

  • Swimming pool chlorine - 2 - 4 ppm
  • Combined Chlorine - 0.0 ppm
  • Pool pH - 7.2 - 7.8
  • Pool Total Alkalinity (TA) - 80 - 120 ppm
  • Calcium hardness (for plaster pools) - 150 - 250 ppm
  • Cyanuric Acid (CYA)

Cyanuric Acid is your pool stabilizer/conditioner and is mainly for outdoor above ground and inground pools.  The proper range for CYA is 30 - 50 ppm. Anything higher or lower and the free chlorine (FC) will be unable to effectively sanitize and oxidize the organic matter in the pool water.

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Maintenance Tips - These Simple Swimming Pool Maintenance Tips Will Allow You To Really Enjoy Your Pool & It Doesn't Have To Be A Dreaded Chore.

The Best Swimming Pool Tips


Chlorine has 3 functions and they are to sanitize, oxidize, and kill organic matter in the pool.  Test and maintain your swimming pool chlorine between 2 - 4 ppm.


pH is "Power of Hydrogen".  The pH scale goes from 0 - 14, and 7.0 is considered neutral.  6.9 and under is acidic and 7.1 and over is alkaline.  Your swimming pool pH should be between 7.2-7.8.  You'll use too much acid to keep your pool any lower. If you have any kind of pool fountain, waterfalls, or pool slides I would suggest using it as you want to keep the water circulating while increasing the pH level.


Your total alkalinity (TA) is the measurement of how alkaline the water is.  You can use muriatic or dry acid to lower it and regular baking soda to raise it.  The range is 80 - 120 ppm.

Calcium Hardness

This is mainly for plaster pools but vinyl and fiberglass can also benefit from having the hardness in the proper range which is 150 - 250 ppm.  You can use calcium chloride to increase the pool water hardness level.  A partial water change will be needed to lower it as there's no chemical that effectively lower the hardness.


Your CYA helps to keep chlorine active for a longer period of time.  Sun, heat, UV rays wreak havoc on the chlorine and can destroy it within a matter of a day or two.  Maintain your CYA between 30 - 50 ppm.


Not everyone has metal in their water, but it's good to know when you do.  If you have well water you can have it tested.  If the tests come back positive you can use a good metal sequestrant.  These don't remove metals but hold them in solution until they can get filtered and backwashed out.


Whether you have a sand, cartridge, or DE filter, you need to know the ins- and-outs of your particular filter and make sure they're working at peak performance.  Go HERE for more details. 

Chlorine Tablets

Chlorine tabs are designed to dispense 1 ppm chlorine per day so your chlorine level doesn't bottom out.  They not meant to be the sole source of chlorine. They can be added to either a tab float or tab feeder and never put them in the skimmer. 

Remove Debris

Once per week empty the skimmer baskets, pump basket, and use a wide-mouth and deep pocket leaf rake to remove leaves, insects and other debris from both the pool surface and the bottom.  Brush the walls and steps weekly and vacuum the bottom when necessary.  You may want to use your swimming pool vacuum every other week but especially after a windy dust storm.  Be sure to backwash your filter after you vacuum or after excessive sweeping of dirt and debris found on the bottom of the pool.   Begin at the shallow end and work your way down. Remember these pool tips and go slowly because the dirt will seem to "fly up".


Backwash once per month or when the pressure is too high, usually about 8-10 psi above normal operating pressure.  Only use the water you need to keep your pool at its proper level, about 1/3 to 1/2 up from the bottom of the skimmer.

For many more money saving swimming pool tips you can go HERE.  

 Important Pool Tip

I strongly suggest you get a good Taylor Reagent K-2006 Water Testing Kit. This kind of test kit is, in my opinion, the best on the market.  The TF-100 is also a good choice. Test strips and safe and easy but will NEVER give you the accurate measurements and numbers like the Taylor kit can.  And a real pool guy would NEVER suggest test strips for weekly pool maintenance. "Red" is not a chemical number. 

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Helpful Videos

Non-Chlorine Shock

Remove Debris From Your Pool

Yellow Algae? No Problem!!

You may want to invest in a automatic water-filler or just keep an eye on the hose while you're topping off the pool.  If you have an automatic pool cleaner, be sure it's in proper working condition.  Check with your pool professional if there are signs of wear on your cleaner or it's simply not cleaning properly.

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Acid Washing A Pool Not rated yet
Our pool is 12 years old and is in need of an acid wash. I'm trying to figure out how much muriatic acid and what type of brush (regular pool brush or …